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Analysing the opportunity cost of gender inequality on disability The study, sponsored by the Grupo Social ONCE, reveals for the first time results that had not previously been analysed from the dual perspective of gender and disability, and measures the economic impact of the inequalities faced by women with disabilities in the areas of employment and consumption.

Gender gap in disability

In Spain, women with disabilities face the double inequality of gender and disability. In the labour market, women with and without disabilities more often have less stable contracts, although women with disabilities have the highest rates of temporary and part-time employment (29.6% and 24.3% respectively). They face greater obstacles in allocating income from work to consumption.

Opportunity cost

The report addresses the effects on the Spanish economy of this double inequality of gender and disability and finds that greater inclusion would boost the country’s economy by almost 1.5% of GDP. If all groups were to equalise their annual earnings with those of non-disabled men, the potential impact of closing the disability and gender pay gap would be equivalent to 4.4% of GDP in 2019.

Within Grupo Social ONCE, we recognise that the combination of women and disability often results in vulnerability, exclusion, and risk. However, we refuse to accept this reality.

Miguel Carballeda Chairman of Grupo Social ONCE

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